Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Fani (/ˈfɒniː/)[a] was the strongest tropical cyclone to strike the Indian state of Odisha since the 1999 Odisha cyclone. [32], Approximately 72 people have been killed by Fani in India; 64 in Odisha,[33] In Odisha, a teenager of 14 years was killed after being hit by a falling tree. Storm surge of about 1.5 metre height may flood low-lying areas. The name was contributed by Bangladesh and means 'hood of a snake'. [29] The Odisha government staged "300 power boats, two helicopters and many chain saws, to cut downed trees" for the purpose. Fani cyclone: The name has been given by Bangladesh which means “Hood of snakes”. [27] The Jagannath Temple in Puri suffered minor damage, the repairing cost were estimated to be ₹51 million (US$738,000). [18] This made Fani the most intense storm to make landfall in India's Odisha state since the 1999 Odisha cyclone. In a bulletin issued on Wednesday morning, the Indian Meteorological Department said Cyclone Fani (pronounced as Foni) crossed Odisha on May 3, with maximum wind speeds of 205 kmph — the highest wind speed of Hudhud was 215kmph.The impact of Cyclone Fani is also likely to be more than that of Cyclone Titli, which hit the Odisha-Andhra coast last year, leaving 60 dead. [31] More than 1.2 million people were evacuated in Bangladesh and moved to the cyclone shelters in coastal areas. The forecast path of Cyclone Fani. Cyclone Fani in Odisha today: Cyclone Fani made landfall in Odisha’s Puri district Friday morning with a speed of 175 kmph. [40], Although no fatalities occurred in Andhra Pradesh, Srikakulam and Vizianagaram districts reported an economic loss of ₹586.2 million (US$8.5 million). Fani is just 40 km far away from the coast. [27][28], The Indian Navy readied naval ships and aircraft at Arakkonam and Visakhapatnam air-bases to prepare for the storm's aftermath and aid in reconnaissance, rescue and relief operations. Cyclone Fani to cross Odisha with maximum wind speed of 200 kmph V Kamalakara Rao | TNN | May 3, 2019, 09:03 IST People look out towards the sea from a closed beach in Puri in Odisha on May 2, 2019. [39] There were massive environmental devastation, as well. The cyclone maintained its intensity till it reached Bhubaneswar and then hanged direction to move in a northeastward direction towards Mayurbhanj. [5] Afterward, the storm slowly coalesced while moving northward, and was upgraded to a deep depression at 00:00 UTC on 27 April. In a subsequent tweet it said, "Current wind speed of the cyclone is 175-185 kmph gusting to 195 kmph. [20] Fani continued to weaken after landfall, weakening to a cyclonic storm later that day,[21] before passing just north of Kolkata. Cyclone Fani finally made landfall in Odisha's Puri district. [15] Development proceeded more slowly over the following days, with little improvement evident in the system's satellite presentation. ... while over 2,000 electricity poles were uprooted because of high-velocity winds and … [citation needed], Fani developed during a period of high concentration of anthropogenic aerosols in the Bay of Bengal with abnormally high sea surface temperature (SST), thereby presenting a compound effect of atmospheric aerosols and regional climate warming on a tropical cyclone. Coastal Odisha, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh are on high alert. NEW DELHI: The landfall process of extremely severe Cyclone Fani began nearly at 8 am Friday close to Puri in Odisha, with the area recording a wind speed of 145 kilometres per hour, the IMD said. Mritunjay Mohapatra, in-charge of the Cyclone Warning Division of the India Meteorological Department , said the process of landfall will continue for the next three hours. [6] At the same time, the JTWC began warning on the system, designating it 01B. A cyclone making a landfall implies that the first arm of the cyclone has reached the land. [42], Fani killed 17 people in ten districts of Bangladesh. The Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm 'FANI' crossed Odisha coast close to Puri between 0800 and 1000 hrs on 3rd May 2019 with maximum wind speed of around 175-180 kmph. Cyclone Fani has made landfall in Odisha's Puri district on Friday morning, triggering heavy rainfall coupled with high velocity winds with speed of 175 kmph in vast areas. The NDRF and the Indian Coast Guard have been put on high alert and the fishermen have been asked not to venture into the sea as ‘Fani’ is expected to intensify into a ‘very severe storm’ by Tuesday, the Home Ministry said. The extremely severe cyclone storm, ‘Fani ... 8 am to 10 am with the maximum wind speed of 175 kmph. When wind blows at a speed of about 119 to 221 kmph then it is known as Very Severe Cyclonic Storm and when the speed of the wind exceeds 221 kmph then the cyclone is known as Super Cyclonic Storm. The cyclone, one of the rarest summer cyclones, the first one in 43 years and one of 3 summer cyclones to hit Odisha in the last 150 years pummeled the coast of Odisha with heavy On 4 May, Fani weakened to a deep depression and moved into Bangladesh,[22] before degenerating into a well-marked low later on the same day. Under the impact of the cyclone, high velocity wind is sweeping across several coastal districts like Ganjam, Puri, Khurda and Gajapati, Special Relief Commissioner (SRC) B P Sethi said. [16] Shortly after, Fani started another period of rapid intensification, attaining 1-minute sustained winds of 250 km/h (155 mph) just below Category 5-equivalent tropical cyclone intensity, according to the JTWC. Private forecaster Skymet said the Super Cyclone of 1999 had struck the eastern coast with a wind speed of 225-250 kmph, wreaking havoc in Odisha, destructing whatever came in its path. Cyclone Fani has made landfall in Odisha's Puri district on Friday morning, triggering heavy rainfall coupled with high velocity winds with speed of 175 kmph in vast areas. [7] Six hours later, the IMD upgraded the system to a cyclonic storm and gave it the name Fani. Read more about Anemometer failed to read wind speed of super cyclone in 1999 on Business Standard. [11] Around 00:00 UTC on 30 April, Fani was upgraded to a very severe cyclonic storm by the IMD. [41] The South Central Railway also suffered a damage of about ₹29.8 million (US$432,000). [10] At that time, Fani began a period of rapid intensification as it was located within a very favorable environment with sea surface temperatures of 30–31 °C (86–88 °F) and low vertical wind shear. “As a preventive measure, power supply will be temporarily cut off if wind speed touches 50 kmph. At the time of landfall, the wind speed was in the bracket of 180-190 kmph, gusting up to 200-220 kmph at times.The authorities have already moved about million people to safety in temporary shelters … Cyclone 'Fani' may turn into severe storm, NDRF, Coast Guard on high alert Odisha govt ready to face Cyclone Fani, puts coastal districts on alert The India Meteorological Department (IMD) on Wednesday said the cyclonic storm 'Fani' has turned severely strong while moving northward and is scheduled to hit Odisha on May 3 with wind speed ranging to a maximum of 205 kilometres per hour. Large areas in the seaside pilgrim town of Puri and other places were submerged with water as heavy rains battered the entire coastal belt of the state as the impact of Cyclone Fani started early on Friday. Nearly 11 lakh people have been evacuated from vulnerable and low-lying areas of at least 11 coastal district, he said, adding the evacuees have been accommodated in over 4,000 shelters, including 880 specially designed cyclone centres. Introduction: Cyclone Fani is the first cyclone to be categorised “severe” by the Indian meteorological department since Cyclone Mala made landfall in Myanmar in 2006. “ Cyclone Fani: The tug-of-war between regional warming and anthropogenic aerosol effects”, "Global Catastrophe Recap: First Half of 2019", "Tropical Cyclone 01B (Fani) Warning 016", "Tropical Cyclone 01B (Fani) Warning 022", "Tropical Cyclone 01B (Fani) Warning 023", "Tropical Cyclone Fani Slams India's Odisha State, Its Strongest Landfall Since 1999", https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/ab91e7, "Cyclone Fani churns toward India, prompting evacuation of almost 1 million", "Tropical Cyclone Fani Nears India as Country Works to Evacuate Hundreds of Thousands", "Fani leaves trail of devastation; India, Bangladesh count losses", "How Do You Save a Million People From a Cyclone? [3] Fani killed at least 89 people in eastern India and Bangladesh and caused about US$8.1 billion in damages in both India and Bangladesh, mostly in Odisha, in India. 2:34 am: Cyclone Fani lies centred 240 kms from Puri and is approaching Odisha at a speed of 17 kmph. Vertical wind shear at first hindered the storm's development, but conditions became more favorable for Fani on 30 April. Puri reported maximum sustained wind speed of 142 kmph gusting to 174 kmph at 7.30 hours today." Home / Bengal / Cyclone Fani effects in West Bengal: Heavy rain, high-speed winds; no casualty More than 45, 000 people across the state had been taken to safer places before the cyclone … Cyclone Fani is now expected to hit West Bengal in the early hours of May 4. As a result, the JTWC upgraded Fani to a Category 1-equivalent cyclone late on 29 April. Several trees were uprooted and thatched structures destroyed at some places including Bhubaneswar. The ‘extremely severe’ storm triggered heavy rainfall along with high-velocity winds uprooting several trees and destroying thatched structures at some places including Bhubaneshwar. Large areas in the seaside pilgrim town of Puri and other places were submerged with water as heavy rains battered the entire coastal belt of the state as the impact of Cyclone Fani started early on Friday. No casualty has so far been reported from any part of the state, Sethi said adding the government is fully prepared to deal with any eventuality. [23] On 5 May, Fani's remnant low dissipated over Bhutan. “The speed of Cyclone Fani at the time of rainfall will be … The power supply will be restored after detailed inspection and proper repair, if any,” informed Energy Secretary Hemant Sharma. Research indicates that aerosol and its interaction with the atmosphere acted to mitigate the strengthening effect of anthropogenic warming on Fani, but was not strong enough to entirely counteract it. The maximum sustained winds with the cyclonic storm is 180-190 kmph gusting up to 200-220 kmph. At speeds which are almost impossible to tackle. "The cyclone has entered the Odisha coast at Puri around 8 am and it will take around three hours for the entire landfall process to be completed," Director of Regional Meteorological Centre, Bhubaneswar, H R Biswas said. Cyclone Fani has come down heavily on … [35] The KIIT University also suffered a damage of about ₹300 million (US$4.3 million). Fani rapidly intensified into an extremely severe cyclonic storm and reached its peak intensity on 2 May with 1-minute sustained winds equivalent to a high-end Category 4 major hurricane. [24], The Indian Meteorological Department tracked the storm and issued numerous yellow warnings for much of the south-eastern portion of India when the cyclone started to intensify. The second named storm and the first severe cyclonic storm of the 2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season, Fani originated from a tropical depression that formed west of Sumatra in the Indian Ocean on 26 April. After the landfall, the system is passing through Khurda, Cuttack, Jajpur, Bhadrak and Balasore before entering West Bengal, Sethi said, adding the state capital of Bhubaneswar is likely to be hit by high velocity wind of around 140 kmph. Cyclone Fani, which is forming over the Bay of Bengal with wind speeds up to 200 kmph, has turned into an “extremely severe cyclonic” storm, the Navy said late on Tuesday night. Bhubaneswar: Energy Department has decided to stop the power supply if the wind speed caused due to the impact of cyclonic storm Fani touches 50 kmph. Prior to Fani's landfall, authorities in India and Bangladesh moved at least a million people each from areas within Fani's projected path onto higher ground, and into cyclone shelters, which is thought to have reduced the resultant death toll and casualties. [46] Total damage in Bangladesh were up to ৳5.37 billion (US$63.6 million). With another very severe cyclonic storm looming over the state, it was recalled that so high was the wind speed of the super cyclone that ravaged Odisha in 1999 that the anemometers at the IMD office and at Paradip had failed to record it. (Photo: IANS), Cyclone Fani makes landfall in Odisha's Puri with wind speed of 185 kmph, Cyclone Fani: Dos, don'ts and helpful links for those in harm's way, How Cyclone Fani got its name and what it means, Cyclone Fani: Severe cyclonic storm to hit Odisha | Ground Report from Puri. On 3rd May 2019 a severe Cyclonic storm “Fani”, with torrential rains and high wind speed ranging from 180kmph to 205kmph hit Odisha; which left a trail of destruction in the coastal areas (14 districts). [36] Total damage in Odisha were estimated at ₹120 billion (US$1.74 billion), mostly in property damage and the relief. The devastation wrought by 'Fani' over land was mainly due to high wind speed and fast movement. The toll-free number for the district control room is 1077 and the those for the state control room are 1070 and 1079. [9] Fani resumed strengthening around 12:00 UTC, with the IMD upgrading it to a severe cyclonic storm. The cyclone will hit the coast with a maximum sustained wind speed of 170-180 kmph, gusting to 200 kmph. Puri and Khordha district in Odisha were the worst hit. [48], Cyclone Fani at peak intensity on 2 May, while approaching. The cyclonic system, whose eye is around 28 km, is moving at around 30 kmph, Biswas said, adding the process of landfall is expected to be complete around 11 AM. [38] Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that the government had released over ₹10 billion (US$145 million) for the states affected by Fani. The wind speed is about to reach 90-100 km/h over Southwest Bay of Bengal, along with and off Sri Lanka coast, off Tamil Nadu and Puducherry coast on April 29. Cyclones are given many names in different regions of the world. [44][45] The cyclone also destroyed about 63,000 ha (160,000 acres) of farmland in 35 districts of the country, the agricultural loss were at ৳385 million (US$4.6 million). [19] Land interaction quickly degraded Fani's convective structure; and it weakened to a Category 1-equivalent tropical cyclone soon after landfall. They are known as typhoons in the China Sea and Pacific Ocean; hurricanes in the West Indian … Continue reading "RSTV: IN DEPTH- CYCLONE FANI" READ | Cyclone Fani: Odisha government receives global pat on for record evacuation “When Fani made landfall near Puri, its sustained wind speed was 175 km/hr to … [28], Authorities in Bangladesh were ordered to open shelter areas as well in 19 coastal districts. At its strongest on Friday, Cyclone Fani reached around 185 kmph as it swept across Odisha. A Down To Earth magazine investigation points to an emerging threat facing the world’s vulnerable regions – climate change is changing the chemistry of cyclones in ways we do not understand yet. On 2 May, however, the central dense overcast became more symmetrical and the eye more distinct, and Fani was upgraded to a Category 4-equivalent cyclone by the JTWC at 06:00 UTC. "After the Super Cyclone of 1999, Fani has been found to be the strongest cyclone to hit India as the wind speed crossed the 200 kmph-mark," Mahesh Palawat, Director at Skymet, told IANS. The authorities deployed around a thousand emergency workers and 43,000 volunteers in these efforts. Fani weakened before making its landfall, and its convective structure rapidly degraded thereafter, degenerating into a remnant low on 4 May, and dissipating on the next day. Afterward, the storm slowly coalesced while moving northward, and was upgraded to a deep depression at 00:00 UTCon 27 April. Despite being better prepared this time, experts were left guessing by Fani about […] [47], The Bangladeshi government distributed rice, dried food, and ৳19.7 million (US$234,000) to those affected by the cyclone Fani. Later that day, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert on the system. Later that day, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert on the system. tropical storm having low pressure area but high wind speeds. Cyclone also known as Hurricanes, Typhoons all belongs to same category i.e. The cyclone then moved towards Bangladesh but at a reduced wind speed of 90 kmph. At the same time, the JTWC began warning on the system, designating it 01B. The wind speed of a cyclonic storm is 80-90 kilometres per hour with wind … However, interaction with land has led to slight weakening of extremely severe cyclone Fani, as the eye of the system has almost vanished. It sent out 2.6 million text messages to warn of the storm in addition to using television, sirens and public-address systems to communicate the message. Six hours later, the IMD upgraded the system to a cyclonic storm and gave it the na… The wind speed will be around 100 kmph to 110 kmph," an official of the meteorological department said. The IMD began tracking a depression located to the west of Sumatra on 26 April, classifying it as BOB 02. [37] After the cyclone, Odisha required ₹170 billion (US$2.46 billion) for rebuilding the infrastructure. Puri and Khordha among worst hit as cyclone leaves a trail of destruction.Fani barrelled through 18 districts of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh, packing wind speeds of 175-185kmph [34] The cyclone adversely affected electricity supply and telecommunication in several coastal areas of Odisha, and to a lesser extent, of West Bengal. [12] The organization of the system continued to improve, with tight spiral banding wrapping into a formative eye feature,[13] resulting in Fani being upgraded to an extremely severe cyclonic storm by the IMD around 12:00 UTC[14] while the JTWC upgraded the storm to a Category 3-equivalent cyclone hours later. [4], The IMD began tracking a depression located to the west of Sumatra on 26 April, classifying it as BOB 02. [8], The system continued to intensify until 18:00 UTC on 27 April, after which it stagnated for over a day, as convection around the storm's center waxed and waned. The severe cyclonic storm Fani will hit Bangladesh tomorrow, Bangladesh Meteorological Department says in its updated forecast. For reprint rights: Syndications Today, The eye of the cyclone, which is calm, is nearly 30 km. Puri and neighbouring areas are experiencing wind with a speed of 175 kilometres per hour which may go up to 200 kmph. [30] Bangladesh Navy deployed 32 naval ships to provide emergency relief and medical assistance to the coastal areas in case of any emergencies. [43] In Bagerhat District, a woman died after being hit by a falling tree, and 7 of them were killed by lightning in two districts of Bangladesh. [17] At 8:00 a.m. IST (02:30 UTC) 3 May, Fani made landfall near Puri, Odisha as an extremely severe cyclonic storm, with 3-minute sustained winds of 185 km/h (115 mph). 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