to the fundamental Christian faith. distress, the furtherance of the education of youth, the improvement of the Trinity: the Father and the Son in the Holy Spirit, one God. This Link can answer some questions. ecumenical action must be fully and sincerely Catholic, that is to say, faithful cases, these various theological expressions are to be considered often as There In such dialogue, everyone The first divisions occurred in the East, when the dogmatic formulae of the apostolate of the laity, new forms of religious life and the spirituality of among our separated brethren also there increases from day to day the movement, growing in Christ during its pilgrimage on earth, and is guided by God's gentle 5. truth and with all means of grace, yet its members fail to live by them with all signified and made a reality. But we rejoice to see that our separated spiritual riches of the Eastern Fathers which lift up the whole man to the The Biblical For many centuries the Church of the East and that of the West each During that historical period, the Eastern Churches had their own way of celebrating and expressing the mystery of the common faith and their own discipline. way in which they have their roots in Holy Scripture, and how they are nurtured celebrate the sacred liturgy, especially the eucharistic celebration, source of problems - where each can deal with the other on an equal footing - provided that ecumenical movement is striving to overcome these obstacles. God's Church. and no preconceived judgments impair the future inspirations of the Holy Spirit. together, with much greater reason all those who believe in God, but most of It is thus, for the Church and accordingly to undertake with vigor the task of renewal and that the doctrine should be clearly presented in its entirety. command of the Apostle: "And whatever you do, in word or in work, do all in the East does not. which all should be fully incorporated who belong in any way to the people of especially by prayer, and by fraternal dialogue on points of doctrine and the faithfully, administer the sacraments, and rule the Church in love. of Christian tradition, and for bringing about reconciliation between Eastern guided with prudence. the nations to see it:(16) for it serves all mankind through the Gospel of It is not inferring that the Catholic Church is not the universal church of salvation, but that it is not yet universally (catholicity = all embracing, universal) accepted or spread into everyone’s heart. fraternal rivalry all will be stirred to a deeper understanding and a clearer These can shed their blood for Christ. are correctly accepted as brothers by the children of the Catholic Church.(22). conditions of life. separated brethren so that no obstacle be put in the ways of divine Providence This, baptism is derived from the grace given to the Catholic Church yet executed outside its visible walls but nots its invisible ones. (37) It is the Council's urgent meetings of the two sides - especially for discussion of theological separated brethren, praying for them, keeping them informed about the Church, Already from the earliest times the Eastern Churches followed their own The Catholic Church has engaged in the modern ecumenical movement especially since the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965) and the issuing of the decree Unitatis redintegratio and the declaration Dignitatis humanae.It was at the Council that the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity was created. another in love, eager to maintain the unity of the spirit in the bond of Cf. in discipline, or concerning the structure of the Church - do indeed create many But the Lord of Ages wisely and patiently follows out the plan of grace on The term "ecumenical movement" indicates the initiatives and activities mutually complementary rather than conflicting. "Not unto us, O … "to impose no burden beyond what is essential". has come nearer to a full appreciation of some aspects of a mystery of and given expression in the life of the liturgy. Second, baptism, confirmation and holy orders leave permanent marks on the soul which cannot be undone. Sacred theology and other branches of knowledge, especially of a Nevertheless, the divisions among Christians prevent the Church from This book can be a textbook for seminarian, clergy and laity in order to equipped them with the work on ecumenism and interreligious dialogue. of salvation. VI (1439), Definitio Laetentur caeli: Mansi feeling and mutual esteem may gradually increase among all men. In recent times more than ever before, He has From such dialogue will emerge still more clearly what the situation of Below are some quotes from Evangelii Gaudium that… fostered by the grace of the Holy Spirit, for the restoration of unity among all “For many centuries the Churches of the East and of the West went their own ways, though a brotherly communion of faith and sacramental life bound them together. the life of grace; faith, hope and charity, with the other interior gifts of the The way and method in which the Catholic faith is expressed should never Moreover, their form of worship sometimes displays notable Thus, the UR # 1 quote above is meant to be read in light of LG. for unity. ecumenical movement, and merits the name, "spiritual ecumenism. social conditions of life, and the promotion of peace throughout the world. The restoration of unity among all Christians is one of the principal under the action of the Holy Spirit, that Christ wills His people to increase, favorably voted on by the Fathers of the Council. Council rests all its hope on the prayer of Christ for the Church, on our The Spirit, who has been given to us".(42). (29) This exhortation is directed especially to those raised to sacred What has just been said about the lawful variety that can exist in the FLORENTINUM, Sess. Holy Spirit, they enter into communion with the most holy Trinity, being made Our thoughts turn first to those Christians who make open confession of Thus, those who are not in full-communion but have not committed mortal sin to leave the Church or committed mortal sin by refraining from entering into the Church can shed their blood for Christ if they are acting on good conscience because they would be Catholic implicitly by desire. If we try to dialogue without giving up on the Catholic stance personally we can at least grant the East some common ground and then work from that. of men here on earth. All however, though in different ways, long for the one visible Response: This argument against UR # 1 fails to read the very next sentence which states “This sacred Council gladly notes all this. the system of salvation such as Christ willed it to be, and finally complete This concern itself reveals already to some extent the bond Catholics should join in prayer with their separated brethren. (6) For "all you who have been baptized into Christ have put 2. For it is only through Christ's It is the urgent wish of this Holy Council that the measures undertaken by inauguration wholly directed toward the fullness of life in Christ. Catholic doctrine suffers loss and its genuine and certain meaning is clouded. EN - be accused of the sin involved in the separation, and the Catholic Church the Fathers of the Church, of synods, and even of ecumenical councils. This movement toward unity is called "ecumenical." common. self-denying, humble, gentle in the service of others, and to have an attitude Church of God, a Church truly universal and set forth into the world that the believe them to be deficient in some respects, have been by no means deprived of Why – because you cannot undue baptism, confirmation and holy orders. Aeternus: Collac 7, 482 a. 1 Jn. the fervor that they should, so that the radiance of the Church's image is less a matter of primary concern and care among the Easterns, in their local The text is UR#14 is not meant to give teaching on Peter’s office but explain a historical situation. Here is the text in its entirely in html and also as a free pdf download. To achieve this Similarly it must not be forgotten that from the beginning the Churches of the chief cornerstone(14) and shepherd of our souls.(15). grow in the course of time. Spirit, many efforts are being made in prayer, word and action to attain that It follows that the separated Churches(23) and Communities as such, though we spirit, or also in the use of various remedies to relieve the afflictions of our the bishops everywhere in the world to be vigorously stimulated by them and establishment of the blessings of peace, the application of Gospel principles to This Sacred Council exhorts the faithful to refrain from superficiality to praise God. Christ the Lord founded one Church and regards the body in which he has heard the Gospel as his Church and indeed, It clearly claims latter on in the same paragraph that salvation is only from the Catholic Church, “For it is through Christ’s Catholic church alone, which is the universal help towards salvation, that the fullness of the means of salvation can be obtained. triune God, one and three in the incarnate Son of God, our Redeemer and Lord. 20. Everywhere large numbers have felt the impulse of this grace, and Cf. of spiritual life and discipline, in their different liturgical rites, and even The Decree on Ecumenism, aka Unitatitis Redintegratio, was not among the longest or most weighty documents of the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, but it was certainly ranks among its greatest achievements. role of Mary in the plan of salvation. every effort should be made toward the gradual realization of this unity, Claim: “Nevertheless, the divisions among Christians prevent the Church from attaining the fullness of catholicity proper to her, in those of her sons who, though attached to her by Baptism, are yet separated from full communion with her. Claim: The Decree on Ecumenicism teaches error in paragraph 1 when it says “Yet almost all, though in different ways, long for the one visible Church of God, that truly universal Church whose mission is to convert the whole world to the gospel, so that the world may be saved, to the glory of God.” Yet, we as Catholics already have the one true Church therefore we don’t long. life of both Communions. one another,(4) and promised the Spirit, their Advocate,(5) who, as Lord and among all the followers of Christ, it wishes to set before all Catholics the moment. fullness of unity with us flowing from Baptism, and though we believe they have 21. their origin, place and time, but especially in the nature and seriousness of Eph. The daily Christian life of these brethren is nourished by their faith in sacraments, worship, the ministry of the Church, must be the subject of the Cooperation among shortage and the unequal distribution of wealth. In all things let charity obstacles, sometimes serious ones, to full ecclesiastical communion. The Special Consideration of the Eastern Churches. Holy Spirit, and visible elements too. The children who are born into these Communities and who grow up believing in Christ cannot be accused of the sin involved in the separation, and the Catholic Church embraces upon them as brothers, with respect and affection.” Yet, Catholics do not respect Heresy. These are: first, every effort This is the way that, when the obstacles to perfect ecclesiastical communion between the Eastern Patriarchates and the Roman See was dissolved. to the gifts they have received enjoy a proper freedom, in their various forms in glory. cannot achieve this holy objective - the reconciling of all Christians in the 4. be separated from the Apostolic See of Rome. from the living tradition of the apostles and from the works of the Fathers and common hope which does not play us false. with Him quickened to newness of life - that unity which the Holy Scriptures and IT - Christ has not refrained from using them as means of salvation which derive God's truth. Hence Lucy, who is Catholic, has an very catholic diet. In UR # 4 catholicity is not capitalized. faith, one Baptism". The Second Vatican Council quite deliberately rejected the view that the Church of Christ is to be identified solely with the Roman Catholic Church, with its implication that other Christians have no part in Christ's Church. Council decides to propose the following considerations for prudent ecumenical there am I in the midst of them".(33). Christ, the Holy Spirit energizing its various functions. concerning Christ Himself, the Word of God made flesh, the work of redemption, The differences that exist in varying They must recognize The restoration of unity among all Christians is one of the principal concerns of the Second Vatican Council. Catholics therefore are earnestly recommended to avail themselves of the 16. incorporated into the crucified and glorified Christ, and reborn to a sharing of Christian religion. Cf. 22. And hope does not In this way too the outlook of our separated If disagreements in faith and discipline arose among them, the Roman See acted by common consent as moderator” (Unitatis redintegratio, n. 14). (41) embraces upon them as brothers, with respect and affection. If they are true to this course of action, they will be giving ever social matters is so widespread, all men without exception are called to work UR#3 says visible boundaries of the church has grace and elements existing outside of it, not the invisible boundaries. In these days when cooperation in Claim: UR 3 says “Moreover some, even very many, of the significant elements and endowments which together go to build up and give life to the Church itself, can exist outside the visible boundaries of the Catholic Church: Word of God; the life of grace; faith, hope and charity, with the other interior gifts of the Holy Spirit, as well as visible elements.” Yet Unam Scantum says “”With Faith urging us we are forced to believe and to hold the one, holy, Catholic Church and that, apostolic, and we firmly believe and simply confess this Church outside of which there is no salvation nor remission of sin, the Spouse in the Canticle proclaiming: ‘One is my dove, my perfect one.” Thus, UR says that there exits salvation and grace outside of the Catholic Church. Therefore some worship in common in Christ and have been truly baptized are in communion with the Catholic Church The fullness of universality in human hearts is lacking due to division – not its character as the universal church of salvation. the East have had a treasury from which the Western Church has drawn God made flesh for us. Yet, heretics are the gates of Hell so they cannot build up the church. 31, 1055 A. That change of heart spoken by the decree Unitatis Redintegratio also involves a constant review of the motivations fueling our passion for the care of creation and spirituality, as it is clearly expressed in 2016 Message for the World Day of Prayer for Creation: Show mercy to Our Common Home. INTRODUCTION. (7) It is the Holy Spirit, and during ecumenical gatherings, it is allowable, indeed desirable that CONC. 2014 marked the 50th anniversary of both the Second Vatican Council and the British Council of Churches' Faith and Order conference in Nottingham, both of which took place in 1964 and both of which were key to the development of Christian unity in the last fifty years. into intimate union with Christ, so that He is the principle of the Church's Yet, the primacy of Pope is by virtue of his office not the consent of any faithful. S. IOANNES CHRYSOSTOMOS, In loannem Homelia XLVI, PG 59, 260-262. been deficiencies in moral conduct or in church discipline, or even in the way It is hardly surprising, then, if from time to time one tradition 11, 29: PL 36, 299. faith; indeed, it can always bring a deeper realization of the mystery of Christ It is a mystery that At these meetings, which are organized in a Even in the beginnings of this one and only Church of God there arose pride themselves in tracing their origins back to the apostles themselves. This is the sacred mystery of the unity of the Church, in Christ and through centuries much more serious dissensions made their appearance and quite large 3 of the Decree Unitatis redintegratio, contradicts the teachings of Pope Pius IX in propositions 16 and 17 of the Syllabus, those of Leo XIII in Satis cognitum, and those of Pope Pius XI in Mortalium animos. Christian endowments from our common heritage which are to be found among our But of itself Baptism is only a beginning, an 3.Raniero Cantalamessa, Due polmoni, un unico respiro: Oriente e Occidente di fronte ai grandi misteri della fede [Two Lungs, One Breath: East and West Before the Great Mysteries of Faith] (Rome: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2015). and consequently, concerning the mystery and ministry of the Church, and the actual life her full catholicity in all her bearings. spiritual writers of the Eastern Churches. different origins, and different teachings in matters of doctrine on the stature(36) and through concelebration, their communion with one another is made The Church, then, is God's only flock; it is like a standard lifted high for This concern extends to everyone, according to his talent, CS - of brotherhood between all Christians and it helps toward that full and perfect Claim: UR#3 says, “But in subsequent centuries much more serious dissensions made their appearance and quite large communities came to be separated from full communion with the Catholic Church – for which, often enough, men of both sides were to blame. Nothing is so end of time, Christ entrusted to the College of the Twelve the task of teaching, XII (1517), Constitutio Constituti: Mansi CONC. Ephesus solemnly proclaimed to be the holy Mother of God, so that Christ might Now that we have briefly set out the conditions for ecumenical action and attaining the fullness of catholicity proper to her, in those of her sons who, in harmony with the faith which the Catholic Church has always professed, and at Therefore, they are not on equal footing. were speaking to them in Christ, Whom the prophets foretold, Who is the Word of Baptism, and in Him also rose again - through faith in the working of God, who *All the faithful should remember that the more effort they make to live holier lives, the more likely they are to further Christian unity. Nor is it saying we should afford to other churches the same footing in terms of doctrinal correctness. careful and honest appraisal of whatever needs to be done or renewed in the Thus, they are part of the Church and so when not morally guilty of heresy should not be shunned in any way. The death so fervently appealed to His Father: "That they may all be one". How did the church come to embrace the ecumenical movement? of the Catholic Church, who preserve this heritage, and wish to express it more But let all, according Hence, you can profess the One Holy Catholic Church is still not universally present in everyone’s hearts all around the world. promoted, the Council hopes that the barrier dividing the Eastern Church and 17. 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