Ever since the first skyscrapers went up in Chicago during the late 1800s, steel has been a major component in commercial building construction [source: Time Rime].Before that, builders used cast iron. Plastics are durable and corrosion-free They are ideal for applications such as window frames and pipes which can last for over 50 years. A process that creates plastic pellets from bottles and bags and melts them into asphalt makes for stronger roads and less waste. Concrete is Economical. More staggering news comes from not only using plastics in construction, but plastics that have been recycled. Difficulty. Any reason why we do not see more houses built with this versatile product? Not so fast! Plastic polymers have a number of vital properties which, exploited alone or together, make a significant and expanding contribution to our needs in building and construction. Until the latest edition of the amendments, plastic pipe was limited to buildings of combustible construction. Products made with ABS use recycling number #9. The plastic building blocks will degrade around 500 years or more down the road, but for now they offer shelters for families who can’t afford other housing or are fleeing crises. Given what we've just learned about the properties of plastics, it comes as no surprise to find them helping us out in building construction, clothing, packaging, transport, and in many other parts of everyday life. Plastic as a Roofing Systems: Corrugated plastic sheeting has been used for roofing in conservatories and buildings whereconservatories and buildings where transparent panels have been required. Bamboo is extensively used for construction of walls and partitions. Wood is a very important construction material. Why plastics? Sewage pipes. The plastics are sufficiently strong and can be used for load bearing structural members. Email. Even with all this durability, plastic products are not indestructible and it cannot be used as a basic building block for everything we need. Ok, so you know about the potential health implications of BPA in plastic and you do your best to avoid it. Plastic may seem like a strange boat-building material, but then when you read an article like Basic Boat Construction: Resin, Fiberglass, and Cores you’ll be reminded of the fact that what we call fiberglass is, in fact, a form of plastic. As mentioned above ABS plastic is biocompatible and recyclable material. Plastic is also being used to seal and shield structures on the home from the elements. The Southern Nevada Code Amendments are used in Las Vegas and Clark County. But what about PVC in plastics and other products? Postcode. Most of my own house dates from about 1860 and the wood is fine -- the place where it had a problem (now corrected) was mostly ground subsiding under it, slightly abetted by some sloppy masonry. Why is it important? Polyvinyl chloride plastic has better chemical stability and aging resistance, but poor heat resistance. High cost of construction; High temperature susceptibility Building and construction industry – From the moment famous Bakelite appeared in the first decade of 20th century, plastic became one of the most used building blocks of modern construction industry. Some of the main types of waste resulting from the construction include: tiles, wood, insulation, concrete, plastic, brick and block, lead pipes, asphalt, ferrous and non-ferrous, glass, metals, paint and roofing materials. construction, insulation, plastic. Why wouldn’t you use plastic materials in construction? It can also be completely clear or matched to any color desired. INTRODUCTION Plastic use in road construction is not new. They wrap homes in a thin poly which acts as a vapour barrier (replacing impregnated tar-paper typically used), there's vinyl siding, synthetic carpet, melamine counter tops, plastic forms for concrete, UV-resistant window frames, interior doors with plastic facades, along with countless other smaller applications. Part of this is because the materials, but part of the cost also comes from extra labor (see #2). Plastics are inevitably toxic when burned, and there are no non-combustible ones either. Plastic as structural material has not gained much popularity because of the following resins. Electrical boxes and wall plates for light switches and electrical outlets. But many non-biodegradable plastics can be recycled and used in other ways. For structural parts other materials are better suited or cheaper. Our planet is not as large as we think it is. These plastics too release toxic gases when heated. Building materials made from recycled plastics are not yet widely used in the construction industry – prototypes have mainly been used for demonstrative installations. Structural plastics are very expensive. In building code language, that means Type III, IV and V construction — buildings three or possibly four stories in height or less. If plastic can be customize to our needs, why can't plastic be customized to be non flammable, UV resistant, non toxic and thermally insulated to be used in house and bulding constructions? This means the materials used are of major significance. When we choose an action, we choose its consequences. ... Choking Hazard – Plastic is one of the most popular building materials for small items. Topics: Also, plastic permanently deforms under stress (creeps), and is harder to nail, drill, and screw than wood. The components used include everything from plastic screws and hinges to bigger plastic parts that are used in decoration, electric wiring, flooring, wall covering, water proofing and so on. Vinyl is versatile: it can be as rigid as industrial pipes, as pliable as plastic wrap, and as thin and flexible as wallcovering. Plastic is also rejecting dust after a year of use (excluding PVC which is approx 5), which is increasing Lungs and skin Cancer. Plastic is used for building, construction, electronics, packaging (gladwrap) and transportation industries. Created to be light, durable, chemically resistant, non-reactive to outside influences, and easy to manufacture, plastic was a perfect building material for countless articles that are used not only by ordinary users in their daily affairs but also in aeronautics, construction industry, electronics, packaging, transportation, energy conservation, scientific compone… Plastics are not merely molecules of carbon and hydrogen. Answer The choice of these are based on their cost effectiveness for building projects. In many areas it's still cheaper to get lumber from Mega-Mart  than it is to source a boutique supplier who will have all the materials you need. Here, AD rounds up some of the most innovative buildings, some temporary and some not, that explore the many possibilities of plastic. Using metal-sheathed wiring with plastic electrical boxes, without taking other grounding measures, severs that ground and is highly dangerous. These plastics are to be kept in moulds till cooling takes place completely. Also, plastic … Oftentimes, companies who are producing plastic products or have a lot of scrap plastic material will sell their waste to be recycled and reused. In automotive design, plastics have contributed to a multitude of innovations in safety, performance and fuel efficiency. It is definitely more costly to build homes out of concrete. Plastic has useful properties such as water resistance, corrosion resistance, electrical insulation, and durability. “ASBP is not advocating a ‘plastic-free’ built environment. The firm says the bioplastics used by its 3D printers are made from 100 per cent renewable plant-based polymers, and can also deploy recycled plastics (it should be noted that producing bio-plastics still requires large-scale production of plants such as corn). Pure plastic is not used as the beams, planks, and wall studs that hold up a house for several reasons. Flame rated materials that meet the ASTM E-84 Class A standard make compliance with building codes a breeze. It takes a lot less energy to move materials from one place to another. Title: Plastics in building Author: National Research Council [U.S.]. hydrogen cyanide and continue through to end of life. These mats are highly resistant to moisture and structurally more stable. These are increasingly being made out of plastic such as PVC instead of metal because PVC is cheap, corrosive resistant, light, and somewhat flexible. Post-industrial plastic is created when a company manufactures plastic goods and has plastic material or “scrap” leftover that isn’t used in the final product. steel mesh fence panels) may have a higher initial cost, but be cheaper in the long term and reduce waste. Walls Construction with Bamboo as a Building Material. The reason why it seems like plastic can be used just about everywhere is that it is not actually just one material, but a group of materials. Plastic is a recyclable material and will not corrode which is a positive when using a material where there may be some waste. › Dismantling buildings rather than knocking them down increases the amount that can be salvaged undamaged.