18 terms. Eratosthenes (276-195 BCE) was an ancient Greek Alexandrian scholar, native of Cyrene, who attained distinction in many fields including philosophy, mathematics, astronomy and history.However, it was in geography where he proved to be more skillful for he was one of the greatest of all ancient geographers. What was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece? The Geography (Greek: Γεωγραφικὴ Ὑφήγησις, Geōgraphikḕ Hyphḗgēsis, lit. Around Eratosthenes' time the Greek cities of Egypt and the East were flourishing both materially and culturally and most of them were at their peak. He computed the circumference of planet earth was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece and vital for development of geography. D. hipsters. The Acropolis, or "high city," was designed as a rallying point for a city under attack. He was also the first know person to calculate the circumference of the earth. Ancient Greek Contributions to Literature and History Did you know that the word alphabet comes from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet, alpha and beta? However, after a bloody war, Greece was totally absorbed into the Roman republic in 146 BC. Being a mathematician is not an easy task but the Greek seems to have mastered in the field. Who was the chief justice of the supreme court in the 1950's and 1960's and how did he tend to rule. It is believed that he starved himself to death in 195 B.C.E. Around 255 BC, he invented the armillary sphere. Eratosthenes, Greek scientific writer, astronomer, and poet, who made the first measurement of the size of Earth for which any details are known. What religious beliefs made the Hebrews different from other ancient people's? In fact, he is credited as the first one that calculated the earth's circumference. Tierra_Jones28. What was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece? The Greeks made tremendous advancements in the fields of geomorphology, climatology and oceanography. He calculated the value of the infinite number known as pi. B. hawks. Eratosthenes, a scientist of ancient Greece, made the first accurate measurement of the Earth's diameter. He computed the circumference of planet Earth. Eratosthenes treated the inhabited world as an island, and made it in shape of irregular oblong, the extremities of which tapered off to a point both east and west. His only surviving work is Catasterisms, a book about constellations. D. hipsters. Cuneiform inscriptions label the features on the map, including a plot of land described as 354 iku (12 hectares) that was owned by a person called Azala. At least one—the discovery that the sun is the center of the solar system—was ignored and then rediscovered. For example, the word telephone is made up of the Greek words tel, meaning “far off,” and phone, meaning “voice.” Even the way we write sentences comes from the language of ancient Greece. He computed the circumference of planet earth was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece and vital for development of geography The ancient Greeks did not “invent” mathematics; mathematics existed as a discipline long before the Greeks and it had already been studied to some extent for practical purposes by the Sumerians, Akkadians, … He also developed the systems of co-ordinates for the world i.e. As a young man, Eratosthenes studied in Athens. due to the fact that he became blind and could no longer work. These end points of the oblong he fixed at the extremity of India and the Sacrum Promotorium in Spain. Therefore this article summarizes the greatest personalities in the ancient Greek history. How many branches of government did the Roman Republic have? His best known mathematical accomplishment was the first accurate calculation of In ancient Greece, the theatre was a part of festivals held in honour of the god Dionysus; it later evolved into an art of its own. On the western front, the major military strategy that led to four long years of war was a - the use of trench warfare b - the use of tanks c - the use of aerial reconnaissance d - the use of calvary. Our alphabet grew out of the one that ancient Greeks used. Eratosthenes of Cyrene (c. 276 BCE–192 or 194 BCE) was an ancient Greek mathematician, poet, and astronomer who is known as the father of geography.Eratosthenes was the first person to use the word "geography" and other geographical terms that are still in use today, and his efforts to calculate the circumference of the Earth and the distance from the Earth to the Sun paved … That ancient Greeks used to western civilization in the 1950 's and 1960 's and 1960 and! 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